Terminal 5 Heathrow Airport
Prima Uno were the planning consultants assisting Faithfull & Gould and BAA on the construction of Terminal Five.
Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 5 was one of the largest infrastructure and construction projects in Europe. It comprised of a complex 16 major interconnecting projects and 140 sub projects.
The scope included a new main terminal building, two satellite buildings (each the size of Heathrow Terminal 4) and a new control tower.
Construction began in September 2002, with earth works for the construction of the buildings foundation. In November of the following year, work started on the steel superstructure of the main terminal building. By January 2005 the nine separate tunnels needed to provide road and rail access, and to provide drainage, were completed. In March of the same year, the sixth and final section of the main terminal roof was lifted into position, and in December the building was made weather proof. This roof could not have been lifted with conventional cranes because it would have penetrated vertically into the airport’s radar field. Therefore, the roof was assembled on the ground using smaller cranes, and then lifted into place by eight custom-built towers, each fitted with two hydraulic jacks to pull the roof up. At peak there were around 8,000 people working on the construction site, whilst over the life of the project over 60,000 people have been involved. Over 15,000 volunteers were recruited for a total of 68 trials lasting from September 2007 until March 2008 to test the operational readiness of Terminal 5 prior to its opening.